On December 1, the Sino-German Seminar was held jointly organized by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) and SAI's Division of Scientific Research Division, Foreign Affairs Division and Economics Department. On the theme of “Modern Economic System Construction: Digital Economy and Employment”, this seminar focused on the latest trends in the development of new economy based on the spirit of report of the 19th CPC National Congress. The Chinese participants included the teachers and students from SAI’s Economics Department and Department of Leadership Science, and Shanghai Development Research Institute. Some German experts participated in the seminar too.
SAI's Vice President GUO Qingsong delivered an opening speech welcoming the experts and scholars from China and Germany. GUO noted: China is in a critical period of old driving forces of economy being replaced by new ones; the digital economy is booming in China and playing an increasingly important role in promoting the replacement process; Shanghai is promoting the supply-side structural reform, the transformation and upgrade of the manufacturing industry; Shanghai has a good foundation for developing the digital economy and owns a distinctive advantage in talent; the digital economy will surely see great development in Shanghai.
Stefan Pantekoek, chief representative of the Shanghai Representative Office of FES, gave a speech on behalf of the German side. He noted: With the advancing of digitization, the fourth industrial revolution has started; the influence of digitization and automation is extensive and deep, especially on the labor market and employment; Germany has already been considering how to deal with the changes brought about by the digital economy.
In the one-day discussion, four German experts and four Chinese experts did their speeches. Among them, Dr. Marc Schietinger introduced German labor laws and regulations, and analyzed digital economy and employment from six aspects: employment and employer-employee relationship, working hours, work pressure and health protection, employee data protection, participation in decision-making, and solutions. ZHOU Xiaomen from the Opening Division of the Development Research Center of Shanghai Municipal Government focused on three aspects: the digital economy in the eyes of economics professors, the practice of the digital economy in China, and the cases of the digital economy in Shanghai. Dr. LI Lu from SAI proposed that the discussion of the digital economy should be placed in the Chinese background. LI analyzed the employment substitution effect and employment promotion effect of the digital economy and the impact and challenge of the digital economy on China's industrial policies.
On the seminar, the experts and scholars had heated discussions on multiple topics, including the challenges brought by shared bicycles to urban management and countermeasures, government's in-process and after-process supervision and fair opportunities of market access for all enterprises, Germany's attitude toward mobile payment and its causes. Through the discussions, they deepened their understanding of those issues.
The whole day's seminar saw compact and rich contents, profound and heated discussions, and satisfactory results. In the end, Stefan Pantekoek of FES and Professor TANG Juelan of SAI’s Economics Department delivered a closing speech respectively. Both parties look forward to more of such activities.